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Araucariaceae
Araucaria

Araucaria araucana

Monkey puzzle, Chile pine

Araukarie, Andentanne, Chilenischer Schmucktanne - Désespoir du singe - Apenboom, Slangenden

Araucaria araucana Araucaria araucana Araucaria araucana
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Bredt kegleformet/bredt pyramideformet 1. størrelse højere end 12 meter Lys, åben krone
Højde: 20 - 30 (50) m
Krone: broad pyramidal
Bark og grene: dark grey, horizontally pleated scales
Blad: leathery, shiny green, triangular with a very sharp point
Blomster: unremarkable
Frugter: upright, spherical cones, brown, Ø approx. 15 cm
Anvendelse: solitary in parks
Jordtype: loamy, preferably slightly moist
Vindbestandighed: good
Oprindelse: Chile, south-western Argentina
Vinterhårdhedszone: 7b
Synonym: A. imbricata

Originates in the southern portion of the Andes. The broad, pyramidal, very open crown is made up of main branches arranged in garlands. In older specimens, the top of the crown becomes more rounded, the branches closer together and the branches hang down more. It is a dioecious tree. The female specimens can grow to great heights, while the male trees only grow to about 18 m. The bark is very pleated underneath and is similar to an elephant's foot. Young twigs are green, and later turn brown. The broad, triangular needles are arranged radially around the branch, are very stiff and have a sharp point. A needle can live for 10 to 15 years. The brown, upright cones are almost round and have a diameter of about 15 cm. The tree is difficult to transplant. Araucaria araucana is named after the Araucan Indian tribe of South America. This decorative Araucaria grew in large forests in their native habitat.

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