catkins, X 1.5 - 2 cm and erect, Y pendulous and 6 - 7 cm, April
patulous to pendulous fruiting catkins, 2 - 2.5 cm
wind breaks, parks and woodlands
loose soil, withstands moisture well
moderate to good
North and Central Europe, Russia and Siberia
Native to North and Central Europe. Grows usually in moist locations. The oval crown is loose and half open. The diagonally spreading branches have thin twigs. The tips of the branches are clearly less pendulous than of
B. pendula. The young trunk is brown, but turns white soon. Peels in thin plates. Mature trunks become coarse with deep fissures and turn ashen grey, the bark remains soft. Twigs are red brown and softly haired. The variously shaped leaf has a double-toothed margin and sprouts later than B. pendula. The autumn colour is yellow to yellow brown. The young leaf is soft to the touch, because it is softly haired. The soil must be sufficiently moist. Peaty and slightly acid soils are tolerated well. The tree roots more deeply and withstands frosts better than B. pendula. Does not tolerate sea wind well.