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Pinaceae
Pinus

Pinus sylvestris

Scotch pine, Scots pine

Gewöhnliche Kiefer, Wald-Kiefer, Föhre - Pin sylvestre - Grove den, Vliegden

Pinus sylvestris Pinus sylvestris
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Fladtrykt kugleformet 1. størrelse højere end 12 meter Halvåben krone
Højde: 10 - 30 (40) m
Krone: pyramidal when young, later parasol-shaped
Bark og grene: old bark is greyish brown, in rough strips, orange-brown higher up
Blad: needles, 2 together, stiff, bluish green, slightly twisted, 3 - 6 cm
Blomster: unremarkable, Y light lemon yellow, X dark red to brown
Frugter: hanging cones, single, sometimes 2 to 3 grouped together, 3 - 6 cm
Anvendelse: solitary in parks, forestry
Jordtype: well-permeable and dry, slightly acidic
Vindbestandighed: good, also tolerates sea wind
Oprindelse: Europe, Northern Asia
Vinterhårdhedszone: 2
Synonym: -

Native to large portions of Europe and Northern Asia, where the tree is used often in forestry. Initially pyramidal, but later spreading out and growing irregularly to form a parasol shape. The crown usually grows at top high bare trunks. However, the lower branches remain full if the tree has ample free space around it. This can produce very characteristic growth patterns. In its early years, growth is slow, but faster as the tree matures. The bark is a striking orange-brown, later turning greyish-brown and peeling off in large strips. Young twigs are green and turn yellowish grey. The stiff, slightly twisted needles grow in pairs and are bluish green and 3 to 6 cm long. The greyish brown oval cones are 3 - 6 cm long and 2 - 3.5 cm wide. Grows even in extreme conditions.

Parktræ Kystområde Landskabsområde Industriområde Prydværdi frugt Tåler ikke hærdning Til sandjord Tåler tør jord
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